Everyone has a right to good health, but major inequalities exist across the world. Did you know 99% of mothers who die in pregnancy and childbirth are from developing countries?
And it’s not just between countries that inequality exists but within them too. In the US, for example, African Americans make up 12% of the population but represent almost 50% of all new HIV infections.
Reasons for health inequality include differences in lifestyle, education, income, housing, ethnicity and of course accessibility to healthcare. Understanding all these factors and addressing them through policy changes requires a wide range of skills and expertise.